The most significant difference between self ligating braces and conventional braces is the absence of elastic ligature
(bands or ties) in the former. Rather than using ligatures or metal ties, the brackets themselves have a sort of trap door that holds the arch wire in place. This creates less friction between the wire and the bracket.
These braces are typically smaller and more aesthetic than the traditional ones, but like traditional braces, they are bonded to the teeth and cannot be removed until treatment is complete. Regular cleaning is also essential for effective treatment and desirable results.